How to Install Updates on Windows Server 2016

Microsoft have remove Windows Update from the Control Panel so now it has to be done through the settings app.

When I first when I went to update I couldn’t find Windows Update in the control panel then I figured out that it is only available through the Settings App or powershell.

Windows updates should generally be scheduled using group policy. However, should you need to apply a Windows update manually, follow the steps below.

To install updates in Server 2016:

  • Open the settings app
  • Go to updates down the bottom
  • Click check for updates
  • Install the updates

Once the updates are installed you may need to reboot your server.

This is a really good thing to do when you first install Windows Server 2016, before installing everything else. This will mean that your server is patched and any issues that have already been resolved by a patch from Microsoft will not happen.

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Sharing users calendars is one of the most used parts of an Exchange Server(which is included in most of the business versions of Office 365), this feature allows others inside of your organisation to view or edit calendars.

The old school way of doing this was to go around to each user and set the permissions directly on the calendar by right clicking on it and selecting properties, then navigating to the permissions tab where you could set the permissions for each user or group over the calendar.

You can manually view your calendar permissions in outlook by right clicking on your calendar and selecting properties then going to the permissions tab.
You can manually view your calendar permissions in outlook by right clicking on your calendar and selecting properties then going to the permissions tab. This is useful if you want to share a single calendar but if you want to edit bulk calendars then PowerShell is the way to go.

But there is a better way. We can use PowerShell to set these permissions in bulk on either exchange or office 365.


So what are the different exchange calendar permission levels?

Straight out of the box calendars come with a bunch of preset permission levels, this makes your life easier because you can allow a bunch of different controls over the calendars from not being able to see them or being able to set users to be able to book meetings and delete meetings if needed. The different permission levels are as follows:

  • None – FolderVisible
  • Owner – CreateItems, ReadItems, CreateSubfolders, FolderOwner, FolderContact, FolderVisible, EditOwnedItems, EditAllItems, DeleteOwnedItems, DeleteAllItems
  • PublishingEditor – CreateItems, ReadItems, CreateSubfolders, FolderVisible, EditOwnedItems, EditAllItems, DeleteOwnedItems, DeleteAllItems
  • Editor – CreateItems, ReadItems, FolderVisible, EditOwnedItems, EditAllItems, DeleteOwnedItems, DeleteAllItems
  • PublishingAuthor – CreateItems, ReadItems, CreateSubfolders, FolderVisible, EditOwnedItems, DeleteOwnedItems
  • Author – CreateItems, ReadItems, FolderVisible, EditOwnedItems, DeleteOwnedItems
  • NonEditingAuthor – CreateItems, ReadItems, FolderVisible
  • Reviewer – ReadItems, FolderVisible
  • Contributor – CreateItems, FolderVisible

What are the PowerShell commands used to manipulate calendar permissions?

The basic PowerShell commands you can use to edit the permissions of calendars are(each one has a link to the official Microsoft documentation):

Notice that all of the commands are to do with MailboxFolderPermission, this is because Exchange actually treats the calendar as a folder, so whatever we are doing to the calendar we are actually doing to an exchange folder.

Using PowerShell to Edit Calendar Permissions

So now lets get into it, if you are using Microsoft Exchange installed on your server then you can just open the Exchange PowerShell application, if you are using Office 365 you will need to first connect to office 365 in PowerShell, you can follow the instructions in that article to connect.

Once you are connected to exchange in PowerShell it is time to run some commands.

Getting a users calendar permissions

To get a users calendar permissions we will use the Get-MailboxFolderPermission command in PowerShell.

Get-MailboxFolderPermission -Identity [email protected]:\Calendar -User [email protected]


Some final notes and recommendations with folder sharing in office 365

  • When setting permissions it is best not to set owner permissions for the calendars as this will allow other users to delete the calendar on someone else’s mailbox. This could lead to a real headache as the users calendar will just disappear and they wont know why.
  • Setting PublishingEditor permission will allow users to have all permissions except to delete the actual calendar.
  • Setting default sharing is usually a pretty handy thing in smaller businesses that are using the service. This will allow for more collaboration and a more open workplace.
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Deploying Windows 10 from a DVD in a business environment is time consuming, while it may be very good for a one off installation of Windows 10 when you need to deploy images often there is a better way.

Deploying Windows 10 using Windows Deployment Services(WDS) with your windows server 2012 R2 server is the way that you can speed this up. WDS is a Microsoft server technology for deploying network based installation of Windows.

To use WDS the following requirements will need to be met:

How to install and configure WDS

Sign into the server and open the Server Manager if it does not open automatically.

Click the Manage button in Server Manager and select Add roles and features.

On the Select installation type page, select Role-based or feature-based installation and select next.

Select your server and click next

On the Select server roles page, tick Windows Deployment Services box, a box will pop up saying Add features that are required for Windows Deployment Services? click the Add Features and click next.

On the Select features page, click next.

On the role services page, make sure both Deployment Server and Transport Server are ticked and click next.

On the Confirm installation selections page, click the install button.

When the installation process completes successfully, click the Close button and go to the Server Manager screen.

Now the Windows Deployment Services role is installed.

Configuring Windows Deployment Services

In the Server Manager click the Tools button in the top right hand corner and select Windows Deployment Services, this will open the WDS console.

Expand servers, right click on your server name and click Configure Server.

Read over the Before you begin screen and confirm that your configuration meets the requirements and select next.

On the Install Options page you will need to select integrated with Active directory and click the next button.

On the Remote Installation Folder Location, select the location where you want to keep all of that Windows Images and configuration files and select next. – The Remote Installation Folderis recommended not to be on the system partition of your server, you should also make sure there is enough storage space to store these files as you add more to it.

On the PXE Server Initial Settings page Select the appropriate setting that you want. We are going to use respond to all client computers(known and unknown) because we want to be able to deploy images to any computer on the network.

Tick the box Add images to the server now and select Finish. This will now pop up with the options to Add images to your WDS server.

Adding Images to Windows Deployment Services

Insert your Windows 10 DVD into the server(or mount the ISO image for a Windows 10 installer to your VM if you are using a Virtual Machine)

We will now add the install.wim and boot.wim file to WDS from the Windows 10 installation media.

The boot.wim file is a Windows PE image that you boot from a client computer to install an operating system

Inside of the Windows Deployment Services pane expand out your server name in the left hand side, right click on Install Images and select Add Install Image…

Name your image group and click the next button.

Click browse on the Image Files page and navigate to your DVD drive, go to the sources folder and select install.wim

Click open and select next.

This page will give you the Available images, your installation media may have more than one image available, select whichever ones you want to be able to deploy and then click next.

On the summary page, click next. This will now take a little while to check the integrity of the images

Once that is finished you will be able to look inside of the Install Images folder and see you image group, if you select your image group it will have the install images that you have added in there.

Now all you have to do is add the boot.wim file. To do this right click on Boot Images, and select Add Boot Image, then run though the same steps that you did when adding your install.wim except select boot.wim.

Now you will be able to deploy Windows 10 using WDS!!


Just use PXE boot and you will be able to install Windows 10 using your new WDS Server.


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This tutorial shows you how to Install Active Directory, DNS and DHCP to create a Domain Controller. You can watch the video or follow the steps on the page.


Server 2012 R2 System Requirements

Minimum: 1.4 Ghz 64-bit processor
Minimum: 512 MB RAM
Minimum: 32 GB or greater

I recommend using better specs then that but it will work on a computer or VM that has those specs.

Installing Active Directory and DHCP Server Roles

This assumes that you already have a fresh installation of Windows Server, if you don’t yet follow the steps on how to install Windows Server article.

Set a static IP address on the network adapter, to do this:

  • Open the network and sharing center
  • Click on Change Adapter Settings
  • Right click on the network adapter
  • Select Properties
  • Select Internet Protocol Version 4
  • Click Properties
  • Type in your Static IP address configuration
  • Click OK

static IP address config server 2012 r2

Open the server manager.

Select Add Roles and Features

add roles and features


On the Before You Begin screen select next

add roles and features wizard welcome page

Select Role-based or feature-based installation and click the next button.

select role based install

Select the server that you want to install the role on and click the next button

select serverPNG

On the next screen tick Active Directory Domain Services and DHCP Server.

ad and dhcp

On the next screens leave the default settings and select next and then install.

Once the installation of DHCP and Active Directory roles is complete you will get a notification in the Server Manager console to “Promote this server to a domain controller” and to “Complete DHCP configuration”. You can to run the “Promote this server to a domain controller” first, click on that.

promote server to dc

This will bring up the Active Directory Domain Services Configuration Wizard. You want to select “Add a new forest” and give the domain a name. It is better to use the <domain name>.local or a subdomain of a domain that you control. Then select next.

ad config wizard domain name

Next choose the forest function level. If you are just using server 2012 R2 then select that otherwise select the lowest version of Windows Server that you are going to have joined to the domain, give the domain a DSRM password(make sure you document this password) and select next.

forest function level

Leave the rest of the settings as default and keep clicking next though the wizard. At the end of the configuration wizard you will be signed out and the server will be rebooted. Once the server is rebooted it will be a domain controller.

domain controller login


Log into the server and open DHCP in the start menu. You will notice that it is not configured yet.

Right click on IPv4 and select “New Scope”.


This will open the “New Scope Wizard”, give the scope a name and description and click next.

new scope wizard dhcp

Now you will need to set the IP range. To do this enter a start IP and end IP that is on the same subnet as you.

You will want to make sure that these IP addresses are available.

scope ip dhcp

The next screen allows you to add any exclusions to the IP range. If there is some IPs allocated for something(maybe phone system) then exclude them from your DHCP. Select next.

Then you can set your lease duration time, set this and select next.

Then you will want to configure your scope options, this is where you configure your router and default gateway address and anything else that needs to be allocated by DHCP. Go though these settings and allocate as needed for your network.

Now you will be able to see your DHCP scope in the DHCP console.

dhcp settings

All done, now you have a domain controller that also runs DHCP.




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This issue is when connecting to a Hyper-V session the virtual computer logs in and then automatically logs you out with a message that says:

“The connection was lost because another user connected to the virtual machine. Try to connect again. If the problem persists, contact your system administrator.”

There are two ways to fix the Hyper-V error

Fix 1

Add a password to the virtual machine. This will allow the virtualised computer to be connected to then you can type in the password for the user and it will not kick you off.

Fix 2

Turn off Enhanced Session Mode

To do this open the Hyper-V Manager and select settings in the right hand pane

hyperv settings

Then select Enhanced Session Mode Policy in the left hand pane and untick the box that says Allow enhanced session mode and hit OK button

allow enhanced connection


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As you might know with the release of Windows 10 Microsoft gave the ability to join your computer to Azure Active Directory to manage the devices from the cloud.

The main benefit to connecting your computer to Azure AD is that you get Single Sign On(SSO) to all of your Office 365 apps and as Office 365 uses Azure AD for to store all of its user information if you have Office 365 you have Azure AD.

To enroll your device into Azure AD follow these steps

Open the settings

Windows settings

From the settings app open the System settings

System settings azure ad

Select the about tab and click the Join Azure AD button

join azure ad domain

Type in your Azure AD Credentials and hit the sign in button

type in your azure ad credentials
Once you have finished joining AD on Azure then you will need to restart the computer and log in using the Azure AD credentials.
Now you are enrolled into your organisation.



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With Windows 10 there is a new internet browser called Edge, they have made Microsoft Edge the default browser and hidden Internet Explorer by default.

You can still access Internet Explorer by:

  1. Hit the start button
  2. Type “Internet Explorer”
  3. Open Internet Explorer
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Cannot “Disconnect from organization” when joined to Azure AD on Windows 10

This can happen when your computer is joined to Azure AD and you wish to leave your company or office 365 account.

For some reason when joining Azure AD it deletes the local administrator account and you will get the error when you click the “Disconnect from organization” button:

The account info didn’t work. Make sure you’re entering info for a local administrator account and try again.

To fix this issue you will need to create a new local administrator account to do that:

  • Right click on the start menu and select Computer Management
  • Select Local Users and Groups
  • Select Users
  • Right click in the pane and select add new
  • Give the user a name and password
  • Click the Create button

computer management

Now that is done you will be able to type in the local user account credentials in the section that you disjoin the computer from Azure AD.

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How to Move Default Storage Locations in Server Essentials 2012

Moving the default storage location for  the “Server Folders” can help to reduce the risk of the C: drive filling up and also if the storage was on the C: drive then you can move these folders to another drive.

By default Windows Server Essentials has five shared folders stored under C:\ServerFolders called:

  • Client Computer Backups
  • Company
  • File History Backups
  • Folder Redirection
  • Users

How to move the folders

  • Open Server Essentials
  • Select STORAGE in the top menu
  • Select the folder that you want to move
  • Select Move The Folder in the right hand menu
  • It will then calculate the folder size
  • Select the drive that you would like to move the folder to
  • Click the Make Folder button
  • It will give you the option to reconfigure Server Backup to make sure that the folder is backed up


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